Theoretical Approaches to Gender Persuasive Essay by Nicky

Theoretical Approaches to Gender
An argument that social learning is the primary determinant of most gender-based social behavior.
# 146138 | 964 words | 6 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Dec 18, 2010 in Sociology (Theory) , Gender and Sexuality (Theories of Gender)

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The paper discusses how social learning is responsible for shaping human behavior within the much more general direction established by biological gender. The writer provides several examples of socially influenced gender-specific behavior to back up the argument that the largest determinant of gender expression in humans is social learning and the internalization of cultural values and beliefs to which every individual is exposed throughout his life.

The Cultural Influences on Gender-Based Behavioral Expression
Anecdotal Examples

From the Paper:

"Human behavior is influenced tremendously by different elements of biology and culture. Even the most fundamental attributes of the individual, such as gender-specific expression is undoubtedly a combination of evolutionary biology, as evidenced by parallels between human behavior and that of numerous other higher animal species that reproduce sexually. Similarly, there is a powerful interpersonal basis for most aspects of human behavior, shaped by early life experiences (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2005).
"Undoubtedly, the original basis for gender differentiation is biological, but within the human species, culture and social learning is the primary determinant of most outwardly observable gender-based social behavior. Society establishes and defines common expectations associated with gender and cultural practices, beliefs, and customs account for the tremendous variation apparent among different human societies and different ethnic groups (Henslin, 2002; Macionis, 2003)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Abreu, Jose M.; Goodyear, Rodney K.; Campos, Alvaro; Newcomb, Michael D. "Ethnic Belonging and Traditional Masculinity Ideology Among African Americans, European Americans, and Latinos." Psychology of Men and Masculinity 1, no. 2 (2000): 75-86.
  • Bruch, Monroe A. "Shyness and Toughness: Unique and Moderated Relations With Men's Emotional Inexpression." Journal of Counseling Psychology 49, no. 1 (2002): 28-34.
  • Efthim, Paul W.; Kenny, Maureen E.; and Mahalik, James R. "Gender Role Stress in relation to Shame, Guilt, and Externalization." Journal of Counseling and Development 79, no. 4 (2001): 430-438.
  • Gerrig, Richard J., Zimbardo, Philip G. (2005) Psychology and Life 18th Ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
  • Henslin, James M. (2002) Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Cite this Persuasive Essay:

APA Format

Theoretical Approaches to Gender (2010, December 18) Retrieved October 22, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Theoretical Approaches to Gender" 18 December 2010. Web. 22 October. 2020. <>