The Moral Argument Against Euthanasia
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The paper points out the important difference between active and passive euthanasia and addresses the debate surrounding the issue. The paper focuses on the sanctity of life argument against euthanasia in order to argue that there can be no real grounds for the legitimization or acceptance of euthanasia, except in cases of the most extreme suffering and illness. The writer of this paper emphasizes that as human beings, we do not have the moral right to decide who lives and who dies.
Discussion and Viewpoint
Discussion and Viewpoint
From the Paper:"There are two extreme opposites in this debate. The argument against euthanasia rests mainly on the view that life is sacred and that euthanasia is tantamount to murder. This view if countered by modern secularists who refer to the rights of the individual and the right of personal choice.
"The utilitarian approach to this issue revolves around the justification of the end results. Formal or classical utilitarianism is teleological in that it asserts that "...the outcome of an action determines whether the action is right or wrong" (Explain how Utilitarianism might be applied to the issue of euthanasia). Therefore, the ethical question of euthanasia for the strict utilitarian thinker is completely dependent on whether the outcomes or results of the actions are seen to be positive or negative or for the greater good.
"A different perspective and one that relates more to the moral and ethical religious view can be found in the influential philosophical writings of Emmanuel Kant. Kant refers to moral absolutes which are guidelines for rational thought and action. These are also referred to as categorical imperatives. In terms of this theory one could argue that euthanasia goes against the moral absolutes of the universe. In contrast to the utilitarian approach, Kant is concerned with the moral and ethical values of the action itself and not the consequences or the ends. This is an important standpoint that has influenced much of Western thought on moral dilemmas like euthanasia."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Cauthen K. Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. Retrieved July 30, 2009, fromhttp://www.frontiernet.net/~kenc/asuici.htm
- Deontological Ethics. Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-deontological/
- Euthanasia. Retrieved: March 18, 2005 from Encarta. Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761562836/Euthanasia.html
- Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: The Current Debate. Retrieved July 30, 2009, from http://www.deveber.org/text/euthan.html
- Explain how Utilitarianism might be applied to the issue of euthanasia. Retrieved July 30,2009, from http://www.rsrevision.com/Alevel/ethics/euthanasia/utilitarianism_and_euthanasia_exam_question.doc
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
The Moral Argument Against Euthanasia (2011, December 28) Retrieved July 07, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/the-moral-argument-against-euthanasia-149660/
"The Moral Argument Against Euthanasia" 28 December 2011. Web. 07 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/the-moral-argument-against-euthanasia-149660/>