The Intelligence Community: A History of Reactionary Reform Persuasive Essay by Nicky

The Intelligence Community: A History of Reactionary Reform
An argument that the organization of the American intelligence community has been inherently reactionary.
# 149645 | 2,921 words | 6 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Dec 27, 2011 in Political Science (U.S.) , Political Science (Terrorism)

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The paper discusses the most recent shakeup of intelligence community orientation with 2004's passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA), and argues that we see a pattern emerging of reactionary policy-making with limited demonstrated success in long-term organizational viability. The paper examines U.S. intelligence in the postwar era and discusses how the CIA would prove to be a short-sighted incarnation of the intelligence community during the Cold War and the Vietnam war era in the mid-1970s. The paper then argues that like the failures of the CIA during the Cold War, Bush's War on Terrorism would orient the intelligence community only toward a threat with clear immediacy. The paper contends that if it is to achieve its expected role of providing for the security and longevity of the United States, it must take a form more suited to long-term rather than political and temporal challenges.

From the Paper:

"The attacks on the United States on September 11th 2001 revealed a stunning set of shortcomings both in terms of the nations security and with respect to the reliability of its Intelligence Community. Indeed, it has been a popular refrain that the breaches which revealed such cataclysmic shortcomings in our national security system as occurred on 9/11 were accommodated by massive intelligence failings. In particular, this is an idea which the Bush Administration had expressed with its typical swagger, propagated the notion that the CIA and the FBI shared blame for declining to act on intelligence regarding a possible terrorist activity surge. Even further, it was determined by the White House that it was the very structure of the Intelligence Community which prevented these agencies from sharing information regarding such threats. These were the notions that provided foundation for the new and as yet not fully effective Department of Homeland Security (DHS) which still has several years of formation ahead of it before it can aspire to be the interwoven and dynamic agency that its designers had initially envisioned. This massive overhaul of the intelligence community would be touted as revolutionary, but in fact, there is precedent for this type of response to what appear on the surface to be system-wide breakdowns."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Answers. (2009). United States Intelligence, History. Answers Corp. Online at
  • Bush, G.W. (2002). The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. The White House.
  • Federation of American Scientists (FAS). (2008). A Framework for Reform of the U.S. Intelligence Community. Federation of American Scientists. Online at
  • Johnson, L.K. (2007). Strategic Intelligence. Greenwood Publishing Group.
  • Posner, R.A. (2004). The 9/11 Report: A Dissent. New York Times.

Cite this Persuasive Essay:

APA Format

The Intelligence Community: A History of Reactionary Reform (2011, December 27) Retrieved July 08, 2020, from

MLA Format

"The Intelligence Community: A History of Reactionary Reform" 27 December 2011. Web. 08 July. 2020. <>