The Duality of Garveyism in the Civil Rights Era Persuasive Essay by Nicky

The Duality of Garveyism in the Civil Rights Era
A discussion on the ideology and influence of Marcus Garvey and how he served as the foundation for the civil rights movement.
# 149649 | 5,967 words | 11 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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The paper argues that Marcus Garvey served as the template for the two most prominent archetypes of the American civil rights era, with his bold Pan-Africanism providing the framework for the radical nationalist ideologies of Malcolm X and his dignified statesmanship and political objectivity providing the model for Martin Luther King. The paper goes on to discuss the splintering effect which Garvey's radicalism would produce in the future and to demonstrate how all movements to the extension of black freedoms can be traced to Garveyism, whether radical, rational or something of a combination. The paper clearly shows how Garvey's ideals lay as a foundation for the civil rights movement.

From the Paper:

"Malcolm X and Martin Luther King function--like Garvey--as symbols to a specific ideology. In this context, Malcolm X and King are to be seen as two distinct bookends to a widely splintered movement. In the various bold and frequently radical objectives and experiments by Garvey, King's unity and Malcolm X's tendency toward fractiousness would both find patronage. And as this argument proceeds to trace a clear path from the activities and ideals of Garvey to the diverse elements of activism in the Civil Rights era, Garvey is ultimately revealed as being as individually responsible as any figure in African American history for working with such marked success at stimulating unity through central leadership and, simultaneously, is demonstrated to be as individually responsible for the splintering into disparate factions of the Civil Rights movement due to the mounting manifestation of his explicitly stated fundamentalist principles.
"Of primary importance to making this conclusion is the generous set of his own words which the well-read Garvey would insert into the discourse over America's grossly unequal treatment of African Americans. These may perhaps be best initiated with a sentiment that suggests Garvey's own precocious awareness of the duality within his own ideology."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Associated Press (AP). (1963). MALCOLM X SCORES U.S. AND KENNEDY; Likens Slaying to 'Chickens Coming Home to Roost' Newspapers Chided. New York Times.
  • Edward, W. (1996). "A Lunatic or a Traitor" by W.E.B. DuBois. African American Political Thought, 1890-1930: M.E. Sharpe.
  • Edward1, W. (1996). "The Negro's Greatest Enemy" by Marcus Garvey. African American Political Thought, 1890-1930: M.E. Sharpe.
  • Garvey, A.J. (1967). The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. Routledge.
  • Garvey, M. (1920). Declaration of Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World. UNIA-ACL.

Cite this Persuasive Essay:

APA Format

The Duality of Garveyism in the Civil Rights Era (2011, December 27) Retrieved December 02, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The Duality of Garveyism in the Civil Rights Era" 27 December 2011. Web. 02 December. 2023. <>