Proportional Representation in Canada Persuasive Essay by Master Researcher

Proportional Representation in Canada
A look at the advantages of proportional representation (PR) becoming the voting system in Canada.
# 38843 | 1,650 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2002 | US

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This paper examines proportional representation (PR) as an alternative to Canada's current system. The paper considers uniquely Canadian regional factors that make a strong case for proportional representation and discusses how the current system results in Parliament not reflecting the popular vote and constrains smaller parties.

Regional Factors
Proportional Representation: An Alternative

From the Paper:

"In the same way that Electoral College votes selects the President in the United States rather than the popular vote, the Prime Minister in Canada is selected on the basis of seats in the legislature--the 'legislative college'--not popular vote. In terms of seats in the legislature the Liberals popular vote of 40.9 percent translated into 57.5 of the seats in the House of Commons in the 2000 federal election. Less than half the popular vote resulted in a clear majority of 172 seats in a 301 seat Parliament. Thus, while only two of five voters supported the Liberals they received three of every five seats in the legislature. Dennis Pilon refers to this as the "single member plurality system (SMP)." Each individual electoral district is considered separately and the leader of the party that is the winner of the majority of electoral districts forms the new government. In turn, Parliament is composed of each of these individual winners only. Moreover, unlike the United States, the Prime Ministership and a majority in the legislature are tied together. Further, under the influence of party discipline a majority in the House ensures the Prime Minister majority support for all legislation that his government puts forward.
"In Canadian parliamentary democracy elected members are expected to follow, and vote for, the policies adopted by their party's leader. This practice is commonly referred to as party discipline. Voting patterns in the House clearly illustrate the strength of party discipline. According to C E S Franks, "a Canadian political party still has almost certain assurance that on the floor of the House or in committee its members will adhere to the party line."(Franks, 1987, p 99) Party discipline is a long established element of parliamentary democracy."

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Proportional Representation in Canada (2003, October 16) Retrieved October 04, 2022, from

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"Proportional Representation in Canada" 16 October 2003. Web. 04 October. 2022. <>