Promises and Concerns Related to Genetic Research
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In this article, the writer notes that people have known since time immemorial that it is possible to breed animals and plants to enhance their desirable characteristics and to 'breed out' their undesirable traits. In addition, the writer points out that many have argued that, since it is possible to breed horses for speed or stamina, it should be possible to breed human beings for specifically human qualities such as intelligence, kindness, and sociability. The writer discusses that with the advent of the genetics after discovery of DNA and the subsequent development of recombinant DNA techniques, this vision reemerged in a new guise. The writer maintains that because genetic research poses great opportunities for humanity to treat incurable disease and change humanity's negative features, genetic research also hides its many threats such as unexpected and non-predictable results, ethical and moral dilemmas. The writer concludes that society must be aware of the possible uses and misuses that may be made of biotechnology in the future.
From the Paper:"The new techniques provided a way of isolating specific genes and inserting them in the cells of gene-caused diseases such as sickle cell anemia. The inserted gene would then take over from the defective genes. More than 4000 diseases are thought to result from the defective functioning of a gene or a set of genes and if it were possible to identify the location or site of each gene on a chromosome, it might be possible to replace the defective gene by gene therapy or gene manipulation. Scientists have identified some specific gene defects or abnormalities: some of these defects increase the risk of diabetes, others are linked to the risk of manic-depression and schizophrenia, some again result in dwarfism, or terrible disability. Many of the so-called monogenic diseases - those caused by the malfunctioning of a single gene - can now be detected while the embryo is in the uterus. The only alternatives for a woman carrying an embryo with a severe genetic disorder are either to go through with the pregnancy or to have it terminated."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Baird, Stephen L. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options? Technology Teacher. April 2007 66 (7), Retrieved 8 May 2008 from Academic Search Premier. EBSCO.
- Harmon, Amy. My Genome, Myself: Seeking Clues in DNA. The New York Times. November 17, 2007 Saturday.
- Krauthammer, Charles. Crossing Lines: A Secular Argument Against Research Cloning. New Republic 20. April 29. 2002.
- Watson, James. Genome Ethics in Kress, A. Winkle, S. Next Text: Making Connections Across and Beyond the Disciplines.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Promises and Concerns Related to Genetic Research (2009, February 22) Retrieved March 05, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/promises-and-concerns-related-to-genetic-research-112360/
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