Mexican Women and the Maquiladora Industry
An exploration of the oppression of female workers in the maquiladora factories.
# 144927 | 2,677 words | 10 sources | APA | 2004 |
Published on Oct 18, 2010 in Anthropology (South American) , Latin-American Studies (Race, Class, Gender Issues) , Women Studies (General) , Labor Studies (General)
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The paper describes how the maquiladora industry exploits Mexican cultural values of female obedience in order to create a work force that will accept any number of abuses without complaint. The paper discusses the dangerous working conditions and emphasizes throughout the paper how maquiladoras successfully perpetuate a culture of female subordination and male dominance.
From the Paper:"Maquiladora industries, or assembly plants along the Mexico-US border that are usually owned by non-Mexican corporations, produce finished goods for the U.S. market. A multibillion-dollar industry, maquiladoras represent an important source of export income for Mexico and have resulted in increased urbanization of border areas. Since the 1960's, maquiladora industries have been dependent on their proximity to the U.S and most importantly, on low-cost labor. Mexican women almost completely constitute the low-paid maquiladora labor force. The traditional, socially constructed gender role of women in Mexican culture is that of the submissive, male-dominated, docile mother figure, and this has resulted in the exploitation of women on a grand scale. The maquiladora industry has taken advantage of Mexican cultural values of female obedience and subordination in order to create a work force that will accept any number of abuses without complaint. Through a continuation of patriarchal authority from the home to the workplace, maquiladora industries perpetuate a culture of female subordination and male dominance."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Carmack, Robert and Janine Gasco, et al. 1996 The Legacy of Mesoamerica. New Jersey:Simon & Schuster.
- Fatemi, Khosrow1990 The Maquiladora Industry : Economic Solution or Problem? New York: Praeger Publishers.
- Fernandez-Kelly, Maria Patricia1983 For We Are Sold, I and My People Women and Industry in Mexico's Frontier. New York: State University of New York Press.
- Gambrill, Monica 1997 Labor Policy in the Maquiladoras: Changes Under NAFTA. In "Voices of Mexico". Vol 45:51-55.
- Hellman, Judith Adler. 1994 Mexican Lives. New York: The New Press.
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