Locke and More on War and Self-Defense
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This author outlines the philosophy of Locke on war and agrees that war is necessary as a form of self-defense, but points out that we can end up with a never-ending cycle of violence, and, the punishment of murder to the thief is going too far. Next, the author reviews More's work on Hobbes' thesis and explains how Hobbes shows more compassion and imagination in his thesis. The author goes on to explain that Hobbes' Utopians detest war, and they only engage in it out of dire necessity defending themselves and their friends from unjust aggressors, and in helping a subjugated nation. The author expresses his agreement with this philosophy and commends the way Utopians prevent war, frighten the other from attacking them and carry out an invasion strategy. Furthermore, the author posits that the Utopians sound like an extraordinary people, and relates that in real life, the nation who most resembled them was China in the 1937-1945 war with Japan.
From the Paper:"More sees war as a necessary evil: "They are reluctant to go to war and do so only to defend their own territory, or to drive an invading enemy from the territory of their friends, or else, out of compassion and humanity, they use their forces to liberate a oppressed people from tyranny and servitude" (105). Locke, on the other hand, sees war as an account when a particular group is determined to defeat another with the purpose of having the latter behave in accordance to the former's desire. People are normally taught that they should oppose any form of subjection imposed on them. According to this perspective, Locke in his book states that "He that in the state of Nature would take away the freedom that belongs to any one in that state must necessarily be supposed to have a design to take away everything else, that freedom being the foundation of all the rest, as he that in the state of society would take away the freedom of those belonging to that society or commonwealth must be supposed to design to take away from them everything else, and so be looked on as in a state of war" (Locke, 15)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- More, Thomas. Utopia. Trans. Clarence H. Miller. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2001.
- Locke, John. Second Treatise of Government. Ed. C. B. Macpherson. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub., 1980.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Locke and More on War and Self-Defense (2013, May 02) Retrieved April 05, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/locke-and-more-on-war-and-self-defense-153090/
"Locke and More on War and Self-Defense" 02 May 2013. Web. 05 April. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/locke-and-more-on-war-and-self-defense-153090/>