Juvenile Justice and the Death Penalty Persuasive Essay by Nicky

Juvenile Justice and the Death Penalty
An examination of the history of juvenile justice and specifically, the use of the death penalty.
# 151306 | 2,213 words | 10 sources | APA | 2012 | US


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Description:

The paper looks at the history of the juvenile justice system and the juvenile death penalty and highlights developments in juvenile justice in recent years. The paper argues that the death penalty is not a solution for crime either among juvenile offenders or the general population. The paper asserts that rehabilitation and reentry into society appear to be better options when the well-being of both the youth and the country are taken into account.

Outline:
The Nature and History of Juvenile Justice
The Nature of Juvenile Punishment and the Death Penalty Today
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Writing in the year 2000, before the abolition of the juvenile death penalty, Lynn Cothern (2000) emphasized the purpose of the juvenile justice system as an accountability feature, while also providing treatment for delinquent actions. As such, the system regarded youthful offenders as not only accountable for their actions, but also as having an inherent ability to be rehabilitated and learn form their actions. Hence, systems such as rehabilitation services and programs are available to help the youth return to their potentially productive lives. This was mainly a reaction to the generally harsh treatment of the youth by the general justice system. Juvenile justice recognizes the developmental differences between adults and the youth.
"However, the end of the 20th century saw a revision of the death penalty. Concomitantly with an increase of violent crime, the juvenile justice system was also revised to include stronger policies and punishments. This resulted in an increasing number of youth who committed capital crimes being sentenced either to death or to life in prison without parole. In the year 2000, 23 of the 38 American States who authorized the death penalty also permitted execution for those who committed capital crimes before they were 18 years old. The author however emphasizes that the laws governing the death penalty and the youth in the 23 relevant states varied significantly."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • American Bar Association. Juvenile Death Penalty Amicus Briefs. http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/184748.pdf
  • Bradley, Curtis A. (2002, Dec.) The Juvenile Death Penalty and International Law. Duke Law Journal, Vol. 52. Downloaded from Social Science Research Network, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=348501
  • Cothern, Lynn. (2000, Nov.). Juveniles and the Death Penalty. Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/184748.pdf
  • Death Penalty Information Center. (2009). The Legal Context of the Juvenile Death Penalty. http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/juvenile-offenders-who-were-death-row#streiblegal
  • Heise, Michael. (2004). Mercy by the Numbers: An Empirical Analysis of Clemency and Its Structure. Center for the Study of Law and Society Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program. Downloaded from escholarship.org.

Cite this Persuasive Essay:

APA Format

Juvenile Justice and the Death Penalty (2012, May 31) Retrieved September 22, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/juvenile-justice-and-the-death-penalty-151306/

MLA Format

"Juvenile Justice and the Death Penalty" 31 May 2012. Web. 22 September. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/juvenile-justice-and-the-death-penalty-151306/>

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