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The paper highlights Hun Sen's massive contribution to Cambodia's contemporary political history and argues that he has been the defining political personality since 1991. The paper offers a brief biography of Hun Sen's political career and outlines the major contributions he has made to the country from the perspective of both his critics and his supporters. The paper also discusses the key reasons for his political success.
From the Paper:"Hun Sen has been significant in Cambodian politics overwhelmingly due to his leadership in the CPP. From 1979 through to1990, Hun Sen served as Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of Kampuchea as well as taking on the position of Prime Minister in 1985. At this time the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party, which would later evolve into the CPP, effectively made up the Cambodian puppet government set up by the Vietnamese. From Cambodia's first national democratic elections in 1993 through to 1997, Hun led the CPP in its governmental position as equal coalition partner next to the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC). In 1997, Hun Sen staged what has been called a coup. He violently overthrew FUNICINPEC and took sole government of Cambodia. Gaining a majority in the 1998, 2003 and 2008 national elections, the CPP and hence Hun Sen, has remained the effective administrator of Cambodia. Therefore, Hun Sen's leadership in the CPP has meant that for the majority of Cambodia's history since its occupation by Vietnam, including the entirety of its time as a democracy, Hun Sen has effectively administered Cambodia."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brinkley J. 'Cambodia's Curse', Foreign Affairs, Vol. 88, Iss. 2, 2009, pp. 111-112.
- Croissant A. 'From Transition to Defective Democracy: Mapping Asian Democratization', Democratization, Vol. 11, Iss. 5, 2004, pp. 156-178.
- Hughes C. 'Surveillance and Resistance in the Cambodian Elections: The Prisoner's Dilemma?', in Funston J. and Singh D., eds., Southeast Asian Affairs 1999, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1999, pp. 91-110.
- International Crisis Group, Cambodia: The Elusive Peace Dividend, Asia Report No. 8. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2000, pp. 1-12.
- Maley M. and Sanderson J. 'Elections and Liberal Democracy in Cambodia', Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 52, Iss. 3, 1998, pp. 241-254.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Hun Sen's Significance in Cambodian Politics (2010, November 28) Retrieved July 14, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/hun-sen-significance-in-cambodian-politics-145771/
"Hun Sen's Significance in Cambodian Politics" 28 November 2010. Web. 14 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/hun-sen-significance-in-cambodian-politics-145771/>