Food Sovereignty, Hunger and Development
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The paper reveals that there are record harvests and there is more than enough food in the world to feed every hungry mouth; this paper explores why billions of people are hungry. The paper reviews the literature to determine who the smallholders in the agriculture milieu are, why food prices are so high and how the profit motive is stealing from the world's hungry. The paper finds that poor people simply can't afford to buy food, so they starve or suffer malnutrition and this is as a result of the World Bank's structural adjustment programs that reduce the price supports - and the markets - small farmers once counted on and the corporate takeover of food production. The paper argues that it is up to leadership with the food sovereignty movement to assure justice and fairness for all who grow crops and search for food.
Review of Relevant Literature
Review of Relevant Literature
From the Paper:"There are also the food producers that are "smallholder peasant/family crop and livestock farmers, herders/pastoralists, artisanal fisherfolk, landless farmers/rural workers, gardeners, forest dwellers, indigenous people, hunters and gatherers," among other very small-scale users of the natural world for producing their food (p. 8). Farmers make up about half of all the people working in the world, Pimbert continues, and the great majority of farmers live in the South; in fact in Sub-Saharan Africa seven of ten people farm for a livelihood. In Asia, five of ten people farm and in Latin America and the Caribbean "over a fifth of the total labor force" is involved in agriculture.
"Pimbert makes his point in several ways, using statistics and emotional descriptiveness to place emphasis vis-a-vis the extraordinary percentage of people who depend on agriculture. There are roughly one billion farmers who work their fields by hand - and about 300 million who farm "by using animals such as bullocks for plowing" (p. 8). Of all the small farmers in the world 85 percent of them work less than 5 acres (2 hectares) - that's around 535 million farmers (p. 8). The majority of these small farm operations are in Asia (87 percent) - and in China, there are 193 million small farms (about half of the world's small farms)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Holt-Gimenez, Eric. (2009). From Food Crisis to Food Sovereignty: The Challenge of SocialMovements. Monthly Review. Retrieved Dec. 17, 2010, from http://www.monthlyreview.org.
- Koc, Mustafa, Jernigan, Carey, and Das, Rupen. (2007). Food security and food sovereigntyIn Iraq: the impact of war and sanctions on the civilian population. Food, Culture & Society.10(2), 317-349.
- Kopka, Matt. (2008). Defending food sovereignty. NACLA Report on the Americas. 41(1), 45-49.
- Mousseau, Frederic, and Mittal, Anuradha. (2006). Food sovereignty: ending world hunger inour time. The Humanist. 66(2), 24-27.
- Pimbert, Michel P. (2008). Towards Food Sovereignty: Reclaiming autonomous food systems.International Institute for Environment and Development. Retrieved Dec. 17, 2010, fromhttp://www.iied.org.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Food Sovereignty, Hunger and Development (2013, May 02) Retrieved July 04, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/food-sovereignty-hunger-and-development-153054/
"Food Sovereignty, Hunger and Development" 02 May 2013. Web. 04 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/food-sovereignty-hunger-and-development-153054/>