Drilling for Oil at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
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The paper discusses how the United States has been campaigning to drill for oil on its own land, primarily, in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. The paper presents the argument that although the benefits of oil exploration in the ANWR are appealing; it means a reduced dependency on Middle Eastern oil, and an economic benefit to the United States, the cost to our nation's largest wildlife refuge will be serious, and does not justify drilling in that location. Furthermore, the paper maintains that the overall influence of oil from the Alaskan refuge is relatively inconsequential, will hardly affect the global price of oil, nor will it significantly reduce America's dependency on foreign petroleum. The paper notes that ultimately, this heated political debate is about whether or not potential economic benefit and a slightly reduced foreign dependency outweigh the probable destruction of the crown jewel of America's refuge system and its animal inhabitants.
From the Paper:"George W. Bush, in a White House press release, supported drilling in the ANWR, claiming that "it will make America less dependent on foreign sources of energy", and that it could "keep our [America]'s economy growing by creating jobs and ensuring that businesses can expand." Additionally, the United States Department of Energy estimates that oil sourced from the Alaskan National Wildlife Refuge could reduce the national deficit by up o $327 billion. However, the projected impact on the global price of oil by opening up the ANWR to drilling is relatively minor, since the estimated total production of oil from the location would only be between 0.4% and 1.2% of the world's oil consumption (Kilcoyne). Furthermore, the American public would hardly feel the difference from drilling in the ANWR, as "revenues are determined by the price of oil and the competitive nature of bidding" and it would "not generate any significant proceeds" (Corn 6). Other major supporters of drilling in the ANWR include the majority of Alaskans, even their political figures, most likely because of the annual dividend from oil revenues. In 2000, residents of Alaska received nearly $2,000 as a result of this dividend (Mitchell 58)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Conservation GIS Center. Distribution of Selected Wildlife on the Arctic Refuge Coastal Plain. N.p. 5 Feb 2005. Web. 10 July 2010.
- Corn, Mary, et al. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Background and Issues. Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers, 2003. Print.
- Haugen, David M. Should Drilling Be Permitted in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Print.
- Mitchell, John G. "Oil Field or Sanctuary." National Geographic. 1 Aug. 2001. Print.
- Roderick, Jack. Crude Dreams: A Personal History of Oil and Politics in Alaska. Fairbanks: Epicenter Press, 1997. Print.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Drilling for Oil at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (2013, August 27) Retrieved April 23, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/drilling-for-oil-at-the-arctic-national-wildlife-refuge-153670/
"Drilling for Oil at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge" 27 August 2013. Web. 23 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/drilling-for-oil-at-the-arctic-national-wildlife-refuge-153670/>