Discrimination against Women in Science
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This paper explores the lack of women in the highest science career levels, and argues that this is a result of societal expectations, the discrimination against female graduates, and the differences in schooling already from the young years. The paper discusses how mentoring allows women to overcome social constraints through counseling, knowledge and grants, and also notes the impact of the feminist movement. The paper discusses the debate over whether the glass ceiling actually exists, but contends that only by accepting that there is discrimination against women in science, will the mistakes made in the past be remedied.
From the Paper:"The first examples of sex discrimination are seen at a young age where women are still nurtured in a way that supports a weak feminine nature, and men are brought up to dominate in manly roles. A study of children's science fair projects in 1995 showed that girls in kindergarten through twelfth grade were more likely to do science projects on biology, where the boys were more likely to do projects on physics. The study also found that girls had a higher likelihood to use items that were stereotypically feminine, such as items that pertained to a domestic life. Equality in schooling in respect to the sciences is best during the period from kindergarten to second grade, but speedily deteriorates with the advent of high school and higher scientific learning. The study was able to conclude that physics is avoided throughout most of girls' lives. Schools need to put a higher emphasis on allowing women to obtain an education in physics, so that an interest in this important scientific field will continue throughout their lives even if they do not choose a career in physics (Lawton and Bordens)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Cotter, David A., Joan M. Hermsen, Seth Ovadia, and Reeve Vanneman. "The Glass Ceiling Effect." Social Forces 80, no. 2 (December 2001): 655-681.
- Fox, Mary Frank. "Women, Science, and Academia: Graduate Education and Careers." Gender and Society (Sage Publications, Inc.) 15, no. 5 (October 2001): 654-666.
- Glover, Judith. Women and Scientific Employment. Edited by Jo Campling. New York: St. Martin's Press, Inc., 2000.
- LaFollette, Marcel C. "Eyes on the Stars: Images of Women Scientists in Popular Magazines." Science, Technology, & Human Value (Sage Publications, Inc.) 13, no. 3/4 (Summer-Autumn 1988): 262-275.
- Lawton, Carol A., and Kenneth S. Bordens. "Gender Differences in Science: An Anaylsis of Science Fair Projects." Indiana University - Pudue University Fort Wayne, March 2005, 20.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Discrimination against Women in Science (2013, December 03) Retrieved May 17, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/discrimination-against-women-in-science-153739/
"Discrimination against Women in Science" 03 December 2013. Web. 17 May. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/discrimination-against-women-in-science-153739/>