Description, Purpose and Structure of the U.S. Army
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The paper describes the institutional army and the operational army and discusses the army's hierarchical command structure. The paper addresses the conjectures regarding the viability, and even the desirability, of 'democratizing' the army's bureaucracy but argues that for the U.S. Army, the hierarchal command system is essential to be able to make decisions under pressure. Next, the paper addresses the efficiency of the army's permanent and specialized units and divisions and examines the army's challenge of public perception. The paper argues that the Army is not out to get revenge or coerce people into submission or oppress the weak; the Army's mission is to protect the people and the principles of our nation, and that is exactly what its current organizational design and structure allows it to do.
From the Paper:"The US Army has a much longer history than most American organizations. It was first developed during colonial times in the 17th century. England had sent very few soldiers to the American colonies, so the colonists were charged with arming and protecting themselves. As such, the majority of American colonies created militia laws that mandated attendance of all able-bodied men to military training sessions, and also required that they possess their own firearms. In times of conflict, these men would either volunteer to fight, or would be essentially drafted, or 'selected' to fight. According to Brown (2001), "two concepts that still shape the American military can be traced to this period. The first is the idea of the citizen soldier, who picks up his gun in wartime and returns to civilian pursuits in peace. The second is the concept of universal obligation, under which every citizen is eligible for military service" (p. xiii).
"Since its origin in the 1600s, the U.S. Army has grown into a massively complex organization. It is comprised of two essential divisions: the active division and the reserve division. The reserves are further divided into the United States Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. Support for both the active and the reserve components comes from two sources: the institutional army and the operational army."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brown, J.E. (2001) Historical dictionary of the U.S. Army. Westport, CT: Greenwood
- Ferguson, K. E., (1984). The feminist case against bureaucracy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Harvard Business Review on Crisis Management (2000) Harvard Business Press
- Lumpkin, G. T. , Cogliser, C. & Schneider, D.R. (2009) Understanding and measuring autonomy: An entrepreneurial orientation perspective. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 33(1), 47-69.
- Moynihan, D.P. (2005, June) Leveraging Collaborative Networks in Infrequent Emergency Situations, University of Wisconsin: IBM Center for the Business of Government
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Description, Purpose and Structure of the U.S. Army (2013, May 03) Retrieved December 07, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/description-purpose-and-structure-of-the-us-army-153128/
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