Carol Gilligan on the Gender Bias in Moral and Personal Development Theories
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The paper explains the basic premise of Carol Gilligan, that the accepted theories and benchmarks that surround moral and personal development are gender biased towards men, and women have a different path towards maturation and follow a different moral criterion on their journey. The paper looks at how Gilligan criticizes Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development and discusses the idea that the way we organize the environment changes the way boys and girls approach moral decisions. The paper describes how boys play with tangible object that result in less grey area "relationship "thinking"; they play with moral dilemmas that usually have a rather concrete set of expectations, while girls are encouraged to play with relationship based items such as dolls and tea party fantasies that result in a more empathetic viewpoint. The paper also addresses the process by which individuals form their roles, or the concept of socialization and discusses the four main agents of socialization: family, school, peers, and mass media.
From the Paper:"Carol Gilligan (b. 1936) is an American philosopher, feminist and psychologist. He is a Professor at New York University, Visiting Professor at the University of Cambridge, and is best known for her publication In a Different Voice (1982). She is best known for challenging mainstream psychology and the work of Lawrence Kohlberg on ethical communities and relationships. Her basic premise is that the accepted theories and benchmarks that surround moral and personal development are gender biased - towards men, and do not apply to women. Women, Gilligan believes, have a different path towards maturation and follow a different moral criterion on their journey (Carol Gilligan).
"Kohlberg's stages of moral development are an adaptation of a developmental theory from the work of educational psychologist Jean Piaget. Lawrence Kohlberg adapted and expanded this theory. Kohlberg believes that moral reasoning, which is the locus of development for ethical behavior, has six developmental stages, each that are progressively more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than the previous. Kohlberg followed the stages of moral development further than Piaget and determined that the "process" of moral development revolved primarily around justice, continuing throughout the human lifecycle (Kohlberg)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- "Carol Gilligan." 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. December 2010 <http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/gilligan-carol>.
- "Gilligans In A Different Voice." March 2002. St Olaf College. December 2010 <http://www.stolaf.edu/people/huff/classes/handbook/Gilligan.html>.
- Gray, J. Men Are from Mars, Women Are From Venus. New York: Harper, 2004.
- "In a Different Voice." July 1993. Harvard University Press. November 2010 <http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674445444>.
- Kohlberg, L. Essays on Moral Development. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1981.
Cite this Persuasive Essay:
Carol Gilligan on the Gender Bias in Moral and Personal Development Theories (2013, May 02) Retrieved August 18, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/carol-gilligan-on-the-gender-bias-in-moral-and-personal-development-theories-153056/
"Carol Gilligan on the Gender Bias in Moral and Personal Development Theories" 02 May 2013. Web. 18 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/carol-gilligan-on-the-gender-bias-in-moral-and-personal-development-theories-153056/>