A Policy Argument against Affirmative Action Persuasive Essay by scribbler

A Policy Argument against Affirmative Action
An argument on the unintended consequences and conceptual problems of affirmative action in contemporary times.
# 153243 | 1,112 words | 3 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 09, 2013 in Hot Topics (Affirmative Action)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


The paper looks at the history of affirmative action and reverse discrimination in the United States and describes affirmative action as one of the late 20th century public policy inventions that were intended to help compensate the descendants of the African Americans wrongfully enslaved in North America. The paper argues that while the initial intention behind affirmative action programs was admirable, their contemporary effects promote racial discrimination and are the antithesis of the principles of equality and equality of opportunity they were meant to uphold. The paper also considers conceptual problems with the concept of affirmative action in the modern age and asserts that affirmative action often contradicts the fundamental American value of hard work and rewards based on merit.

The History of Affirmative Action and Reverse Discrimination in the United States
The Unintended Consequences of Affirmative Action in the Modern Age
Conceptual Problems with the Affirmative Action Concept in the Modern Age

From the Paper:

"Affirmative Action is one of the late 20th century public policy inventions that were intended to help compensate the descendants of the African Americans wrongfully enslaved in North America until the 13th Constitutional Amendment, known as the Emancipation Proclamation outlawed slavery in the United States immediately after the conclusion of the War between the States (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2009). In principle, the idea was simply that African Americans (and other ethnic minorities) had endured prolonged and intense discrimination and racial inequality in the U.S. As a result, they continued to be at a significant social and vocational disadvantage even generations after they achieved full citizenship and the equal rights guaranteed by the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Constitutional Amendment and more specifically by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, championed by the late President John F. Kennedy and finally signed into law shortly after his assassination by his successor in office, President Lyndon, B. Johnson (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2009).
"Under Affirmative Action, African American and other minority applicants for employment and educational opportunities received preferential treatment such as reserved places (i.e. quotas) and reduced admission test and promotional test requirements that gave them preferential status in comparison to non-minority applicants (Goldfield, Abbot, Argersinger, et al., 2005)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Edwards, G., Wattenberg, M., and Lineberry, R. (2009). Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy. New York, NY: Longman.
  • Goldfield, D., Abbot, C., Argersinger, J., and Argersinger, P. (2005). Twentieth-Century America: A Social and Political History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice Hall.
  • U.S. Supreme Court. (2011). Ricci, Frank, et al. V. DeStefano, John, et al. (June 29, 2009). Retrieved February 28, 2011 from:http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/08pdf/07-1428.pdf

Cite this Persuasive Essay:

APA Format

A Policy Argument against Affirmative Action (2013, May 09) Retrieved February 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/a-policy-argument-against-affirmative-action-153243/

MLA Format

"A Policy Argument against Affirmative Action" 09 May 2013. Web. 21 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/a-policy-argument-against-affirmative-action-153243/>