A Multicultural Curriculum for Special Education Persuasive Essay by Nicky

A Multicultural Curriculum for Special Education
A discussion on the need for an inclusive, multicultural education for special-needs students.
# 149133 | 1,901 words | 7 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Nov 25, 2011 in Education (Curriculum) , Education (Special) , Education (Multiculturalism)

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The paper argues that interesting, inspiring and even entertaining curricula must be presented for special-needs children and that a multicultural approach should be the goal of schools and teachers. The paper explores the research on the need for a multicultural curriculum and looks at Banks' and McIntosh's stages to a fully multicultural curriculum reform. The paper focuses on a science curriculum for special education classes that will use the "hands-on" approach and also suggests a quiz on a science topic that can be given to students.

Generalizations / Overture
Curriculum Ideas
Curriculum Reform
Science Curriculum for Special Education Classes

From the Paper:

"Banks' second stage is "Ethnic Additive Approach" (content added to the curriculum "without changing the mainstream or Eurocentric structure of the curriculum"). One example of this curriculum would be to add a Native American (Indian) unit that has been called "Westward Movement" so that not only are pioneers and explorers (like Lewis & Clark) taught, but also rather the Native Peoples who lived there prior to Europeans' advancement west are fully revealed and studied. In other words, a teacher adds an ethnic aspect to a unit that is already in place. This should be more than an "afterthought" (www.pinoyteach.com); it should be meaningful to children because they will likely perceive tokenism with regard to adding ethnic content.
"The third phase, according to EdChange (using Banks and Peggy McIntosh's ideas) is "Integration": teachers move well beyond heroes and holidays and add "substantial materials and knowledge about non-dominant groups" to the curriculum. There may also be an emphasis on books by women, or by authors of color. For example, what was the role of women in World War I? What were some of the slave hymns or songs that black folks brought from Africa? Banks' stage 3 (www.edchange.org) is called "Transformative Approach": this approach restructures the curriculum to incorporate "concepts, issues, and events" that are viewed in context with diverse ethnic and cultural perspectives. For example, a unit could be called "Encounter between Two Worlds" and would embrace the viewpoints of both the explorers (like James Cook) and the native peoples whose land the explorers arrived on (like Hawaiians)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Chappell, Tracey. (2008). Getting serious about inclusive curriculum for special education.Primary & Middle Years Educator, 6(2), five pages.
  • EdChange. (2008). Curriculum Reform: Steps Toward Multicultural Curriculum Transformation. Retrieved June 21, 2009, from http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/curriculum/steps.html.
  • Focus on Exceptional Children. (2008). Science and social studies for students with disabilities. 41(2), twenty-six pages. Gale Document Number: A195159929.
  • Journal of Research in Childhood Education. (2008). Curricular modifications for Elementary students with learning disabilities in high, average, and low-IQ groups.22(3), 233-246.
  • King-Sears, Margaret. (2008). Facts and fallacies: differentiation and the general educationCurriculum for students with special educational needs. Support for Learning, 23(2),55-62.

Cite this Persuasive Essay:

APA Format

A Multicultural Curriculum for Special Education (2011, November 25) Retrieved December 02, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/a-multicultural-curriculum-for-special-education-149133/

MLA Format

"A Multicultural Curriculum for Special Education" 25 November 2011. Web. 02 December. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/persuasive-essay/a-multicultural-curriculum-for-special-education-149133/>