Tourism as the Normalization of Oppression in Jamaica.
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This paper explains how Jamaica's tourist industry after 1960 reproduced colonial forms of oppression in an industry controlled by colonial elite investors and beneficiaries that capitalize on cheap labor supplies; explanation of results of mass tourism as pursued by various Third World countries, and in Jamaica's example; note higher basic costs, low industrial or other development, cultural decay; reinforcement of colonial/postcolonial elites in a dual economy and dual society of much poverty. Itwaru, Fanon, CLR James, plus other refs.
From the Paper:"Jamaica is the third largest island in the Caribbean, discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1494, named earlier by the Arawak Indians, `Xaymaca' or the `land of wood and water'. The Spanish introduced slaves from Africa after 1513, as labourers in a new sugarcane industry. In 1655, Jamaica became a British colony, continuing on till its independence in 1962. Just before independence, economic development began that centered on cultivating tourism, in keeping with other emerging colonies of the British Commonwealth Caribbean. This paper shows that tourism involves a carrying on of colonial phenomenon in independent Jamaica, including the class gaps of a colonial society. The moneyed classes were those to invest directly..."
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Tourism as the Normalization of Oppression in Jamaica. (2006, December 01) Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/essay/tourism-as-the-normalization-of-oppression-in-jamaica-88269/
"Tourism as the Normalization of Oppression in Jamaica." 01 December 2006. Web. 28 February. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/essay/tourism-as-the-normalization-of-oppression-in-jamaica-88269/>