Top-down Policy Implementation Essay by JULESinManchester

Top-down Policy Implementation
A look at the main assumptions of 'top-down' policy implementation.
# 61371 | 1,826 words | 7 sources | APA | 2003 | GB

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This paper discusses both 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' methods of policy implementation and the problems with each. It draws on theorists such as Babel and Lipsky.

From the Paper:

"Once a decision is made with regard to a policy a method of putting it into effect is required. Implementation is a complex process whereby the means must make the goals achievable. Adding to the confusion is the number of agencies (and therefore individuals) involved. Each of these individuals can have an affect on the outcome that can complicate the process further."

Cite this Essay:

APA Format

Top-down Policy Implementation (2005, October 05) Retrieved April 17, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Top-down Policy Implementation" 05 October 2005. Web. 17 April. 2024. <>