Tokens as Pre-writing Symbols Essay by The Research Group

Tokens as Pre-writing Symbols
This paper discusses the use of tokens as pre-writing symbols in Sumerian and other Near Eastern cultures.
# 71856 | 1,582 words | 11 sources | APA | 2004 | US
Published on Dec 01, 2004 in Anthropology (Economic) , Anthropology (Middle Eastern)

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This paper examines examples of various tokens, which represented as pre-writing symbols. The author points out what tokens indicate about early civilizations. The paper relates the emergence of new systems of record keeping.

From the Paper:

"Numerous scholars have presented evidence indicating that tokens often made of clay and presented in various significant sizes markings and shapes were used to keep accounts of financial and other transactions or accounts of grain jars of oil or units of land. These tokens, which appeared in such cultures as that of the Sumerians and other Near Eastern peoples, represented a first step toward the development of a written language as well as a system of numerical record-keeping of ..."

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APA Format

Tokens as Pre-writing Symbols (2004, December 01) Retrieved March 21, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Tokens as Pre-writing Symbols" 01 December 2004. Web. 21 March. 2023. <>