The Use of Hygiene to Prevent the Spread of Disease Essay by Research Group

The Use of Hygiene to Prevent the Spread of Disease
The paper discusses the fact that children are at risk of infection in child care centers and public play areas and suggests that handwashing may prevent the spread of common illnesses in these locations.
# 27966 | 2,565 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Jun 19, 2003 in Medical and Health (Public Health Issues)

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The paper examines the reasons for the spread of infection in ball pits in fast food restaurants and daycare centers. The paper cites at length several studies carried out that promote handwashing as a key element in preventing the transmission of infections. The paper advocates that nurses should be trained to stress the importance of washing hands to parents and children, and any child care workers they come in contact with.

From the Paper:

"Children in the study had to be over three years of age and attend the center for at least three days a week. They had to be free of any underlying chronic illness that predisposed them to infection. The sample size was adjusted by a factor of 1.3 for clustering for an intercluster correlation coefficient of .01 with 20 clusters of 28 children each. The required sample was then 408 child-years of observation, or 544 children observed for 9 months."

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