The Study of Macroeconomics Essay

The Study of Macroeconomics
A description and explanation of the principal parts involved in the study of macroeconomics.
# 103136 | 1,448 words | 5 sources | APA | 2007 | GB
Published on Apr 21, 2008 in Economics (Inflation) , Economics (Macro)

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This paper defines and describes the term macroeconomics and illustrates the principal parts or variables included in the study of this subject. In his conclusion, the author argues that globalization as well as the complexity of businesses, combined with a dynamic and sharply changing environment, has made it far more difficult to predict future trends of the principle macroeconomic variables, let alone manage them.

Macroeconomic Variables and Objectives
Changes of Variables over Business Cycle
Tools of Macroeconomic Management
Policies of macroeconomic management

From the Paper:

"National Output and economic growth: National output can be defined as "the money value of goods and services produced during the time period concerned". (Jewell, 2000, p. 135) Since national output is purchased by various agents in an economy, and therefore, earns some income we can conclude that national output = national expenditure = national income. What the national output essentially measures is an economy's rate of growth. The measure used is known as gross domestic product (GDP). This must not be confused with gross national product (GNP) as there is a significant distinction between the two. While GDP represents the value of goods produced within a country, part of GNP is earned abroad. (Dornbusch & Fischer, 1990) What every government aims for in terms of national output is smooth but high growth, and, ideally, sustainable growth!
"Rate of unemployment: Unemployment can be defined as "the percentage of people in the labour force who are not working but are actively looking for work." (Dolan, 1986, p. 7) The first of the two official measures of unemployment is called claimant unemployment and, as implied by the term, is a measure of the people in receipt of unemployment-related benefits. Standardized unemployment rate is the other official measure of unemployment used by the International Labour Office (ILO) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and is the number of people without work who are available and actively seeking for work. (Sloman, 1998) Governments, in general, strive for low unemployment."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • DOLAN, E, G. 1986. Macro Economics. 4th ed. New York. The Dryden Press.
  • DORNBUSCH, R. & FISCHER, S. 1990. Macroeconomics. 5th Ed. Singapore. McGraw-Hill Inc.
  • JEWELL, B. 2000. An Integrated Approach to Business Studies. Harlow. Longman.
  • SLOMAN, J. 1998. Essentials Of Economics. Hertfordshire. Prentice Hall Europe
  • SLOMAN, J. 2005. The Economic Environment Of Business. Harlow. Pearson Education Ltd.

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