The Iran Revolution of 1979
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This paper explains that, in 1979, millions of Iranians succeeded in ousting Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1941-1979), the Shah of Iran. The author points out that, while the Shah was known as a 'darling to the West', he tried to authoritarianly modernize too rapidly and did not adapt his political institutions sufficiently to the economic and social changes he had brought about. The paper relates that, inspired by hopes for democracy, economic prosperity for all classes, gender equality and a leadership that would not allow Iranian culture to be swallowed up by Western values, many Iranian women joined the rebellion. The author reports that the world was surprised by the Iranian Revolution, which was led by Ayatollah Rudolph Khomeini in exile in Paris. The paper relates that the Muslims believed that the modern age was 20th century remake of the Jahiliyya of ancient times that had to be destroyed as Mohammed the prophet had destroyed its predecessor.
Table of Contents:
Table of Contents:
From the Paper:"Let's take a look at the historical elements that lead up to the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Post World War II created a very different world. Colonial (English, French, Dutch, and other) control of much of the Mid-East, Asia, Africa, South American (the Third World) was on the wane. Two superpowers emerged, the United States and the USSR (Russia). The USSR leaving regimes were based on a military government with socialist tendencies and a strong tribal, regional or ethnic minority base; this was the case in Algeria, Syria, Iraq, South Yemen and Egypt."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Afary, Janet & Anderson, Kevin B., The Seductions of Islamism Revisiting Foucault and the Iranian Revolution, New Politics, vol. 10, no. 1, whole no. 37
- Eliade, Mircea, The Encyclopedia of Religion, ( )
- Kepel, Gilles, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam , Harvard University Press, April 2002,
- Keddie, Nikkie .Women Living Under Muslim Laws, Dossier 23-24, Women of Iran, July 2001
- Kissinger, Henry, Crisis And Confrontation, Time Magazine, Oct. 15, 1979
Cite this Essay:
The Iran Revolution of 1979 (2008, March 25) Retrieved January 24, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/essay/the-iran-revolution-of-1979-102424/
"The Iran Revolution of 1979" 25 March 2008. Web. 24 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/essay/the-iran-revolution-of-1979-102424/>