The Holy Roman Empire
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This paper examines how Voltaire noted that the Holy Roman Empire was "neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire." It discusses and clarifies Voltaire's statement, examining the nature of the empire generally and then looks specifically at the reasons for the disunity which ultimately rendered it an ineffective institution. Causes for disunity discussed include: the Reformation and the ensuing wars, culminating in the Thirty Years' War (1618-48) and the Treaty of Westphalia (1648).
From the Paper:"The Holy Roman Empire never achieved the political unification that France did. "As early as the first half of the thirteenth century, the German Emperor, weakened by furious struggles with the papacy, by the effort to impose his authority in central and northern Italy, had been forced to withdraw his officers from both ecclesiastical and secular principalities."18 German princes were granted even greater powers such as the ability to coin money and administer justice in their own territories.18 A prolonged attempt at centralizing authority starting with Maximilian I (1493-1519) was disrupted by the Reformation and the ensuing wars, culminating with the Thirty Years' War (1618-48) and the Treaty of Westphalia (1648)."
Cite this Essay:
The Holy Roman Empire (2005, May 18) Retrieved September 19, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/essay/the-holy-roman-empire-58658/
"The Holy Roman Empire" 18 May 2005. Web. 19 September. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/essay/the-holy-roman-empire-58658/>