The Age of Enlightenment
This paper discusses the writings of philosophers from the Age of Enlightenment especially Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant.
# 68241 | 1,650 words | 6 sources | APA | 2005 |
Published on Aug 10, 2006 in Political Science (Political Theory) , Philosophy (History - 18th Century) , Political Science (John Locke)
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This paper explains that the Age of Enlightenment refers to the period in European history when writing and thought were characterized by an emphasis on experience and reason, showing a mistrust of religion and traditional authority that resulted in the gradual emergence of the ideals of liberal, secular, democratic societies. The author points out that John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, who represent the beginning of a real political science in the seventeenth-century, described how government develops. The paper relates that Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a powerful influence in the development of educational theory and was one of the primary sources for the political theory that would lead to the American and French Revolutions; Immanuel Kant challenging both scientific knowledge and moral thought, stressing a priori knowledge and morality rather than experience or sentiment.
From the Paper:"In the second book of "Emile", Rousseau offers some of his more revolutionary conceptions of education. This is the so-called "negative education" phase as Rousseau says that what should be done is the exact opposite of what is usually done. The first important precept is that education is made for the child and not the other way round. the child is not a miniature adult and has his or her own ways of seeing, feeling, and thinking. Nature has already inculcated certain knowledge, and the individual needs to be protected from anything that will impede his or her natural growth of body and mind."
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The Age of Enlightenment (2006, August 10) Retrieved September 29, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/essay/the-age-of-enlightenment-68241/
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