Sustainable Viticulture Essay

Sustainable Viticulture
This paper addresses the sustainability challenges facing winegrowers.
# 154205 | 1,172 words | 6 sources | 2015
Published on Aug 31, 2015

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From the Paper:

"The current paradigm of sustainable agriculture witnessed in the US; as defined by the US Congress entails integration of crop and animal production practices while upholding economical, social and ecological standards (VineWise 1). In analyzing sustainable agriculture, it is necessary to discuss organic farming and integrated pest management as the core roots of sustainable agriculture in the US. To address acute food shortages in the US, the 1950s and 1960s green revolution came into force. The revolution emphasized the use of genetically improved plant varieties, pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. The movement was highly lauded as it resulted to high food production at low costs. After careful consideration however, some people felt that this low cost did not reflect the true cost from a societal and ecosystem perspective, hence this form of agriculture was considered unsustainable in the long run. As a result, organic certification programs were developed, and organic farming was codified as the alternative. This is because environmentalists felt that organic farming was necessary in enhancing long term environmental quality and agricultural resource base. With the green revolution, the use of genetically improved plant varieties and the massive use of pesticides to solve pest problems resulted to environmental contamination, secondary pest outbreaks and pesticide resistance. As a result, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) came into effect to address this issue. These concepts (sustainable farming, IPM and organic farming) gave fourth to sustainable winegrowing. Sustainable winegrowing/ viticulture entails winegrowing and making practices that are environmentally sound, economically feasible and enhance social equity."

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