Socialist Transformation in China Essay by chief

Socialist Transformation in China
An examination of the socialist transformation in China from 1953-1956.
# 25464 | 1,157 words | 17 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Apr 29, 2003 in History (Asian) , Political Science (Communism)

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This paper discusses the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) "general line" (zongluxian) for "socialist construction" (shehui zhuyi jianshe) which emerged during a period in which the initial years of the transitional phase of "socialist transformation" were proving some considerable success. It examines how the period of so-called "socialist transformation" of China during 1953 to 1956 represents a reasonably stable and successful phase of the ongoing revolution carried forward by the CCP. It looks at the progress that was made in the spheres of agricultural production, heavy industry and mining,and the expansion of education facilities.

From the Paper:

"Soviet norms of development are reiterated by Li throughout his speech and, on the whole, this is not at all surprising. Following the period of reconstruction, the phase of socialist transformation (1953-1956) is perhaps best characterized by the consistency with which the majority of the CCP leadership subscribed to those norms. Borrowing from the Soviet Union was also reflected in the extent of practical Russian participation in the form of financial aid and scientific and technological guidance. In 1955, Li announced the start of 694 "above-norm" construction projects, stating that a core of 156 of these were Russian-designed; in fact, many of the projects were not only designed in the Soviet Union, but also managed and run by Russians in China or Russian-trained Chinese."

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