Medical Ethics Essay by BrainC

Medical Ethics
This paper discusses, by assailing deontological ethics and virtue ethics and defending utilitarianism, a medical ethics case in which the medical professionals must decide whether or not to perform gender-altering surgery.
# 53212 | 2,485 words | 8 sources | APA | 2004 | US
Published on Oct 15, 2004 in Medical and Health (Public Health Issues) , Ethics (General)

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The paper explains that utilitarianism states that the morality of a surgical gender assignment can be derived as an outcome that would be considered either good or bad; the overall morality of the philosophy and procedure would then be determined based on the positive or negative outcome. The author points out that medical ethics does not fall under deontological ethics because the philosophy states that there are absolute right and wrong answers for every case. The paper relates that, in a situation like surgical procedures, the solution to any problem must be derived on a case-by-case basis and, therefore, cannot have one universal truth; doctors do not have the freedom to decide the future of the newborns without statistical proof that their decision will benefit the child.

From the Paper:

"In this scenario, the surgery for many years was considered as a good alternative to going thorough life deformed. In the case study, it was uncovered that the twin John/Joan, as she aged, was not at all happy with her situation after it was documented in medical journals as a highly successful pro-surgery example. The results of the case study for the twin John/Joan was completely wrong and could even be considered a serious act of malpractice. The twin's brother even said that his medically altered sister was very manly throughout her early years and even suggested that she always wanted to be a garbage man. "At the age of six or seven, Joan told her brother she wanted to be a garbage man: "Easy job, good pay."" Since the twin John/Joan's case was the basis for surgery in the majority of cases, it also should be the basis to not perform the surgery from this point forward. The utilitarianism moral issue now says the medical community should not perform the surgery in the bulk of the cases and it is also morally wrong to withhold the fact that the surgery was performed."

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APA Format

Medical Ethics (2004, October 15) Retrieved November 27, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Medical Ethics" 15 October 2004. Web. 27 November. 2020. <>