Locke and Hobbes
A discussion of the citizen's obligation to die for the state as seen through the philosophy of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes.
# 9290 | 2,050 words | 3 sources | APA | 2002 |
Published on Feb 01, 2003 in Philosophy (History) , Philosophy (History - 18th Century) , Political Science (General) , Political Science (John Locke)
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The issue of obligation of the citizen to die for the state is examined here as seen in John Locke's "Second Treatise of Government" and Thomas Hobbes' "Leviathan". The concepts involved such as limitations to the power of the state, obligations of a King, and the social contract entered into by citizens when they accept that the state governs them, are outlined and the arguments of the philosophers presented.
From the Paper:"The obligations of an individual within a state may be seen as relatively universal, the duty to abide by the laws, which are set by the legislative, with the authority of the community is one of the most widely accepted. However, there are other areas which are less clear and less defined. One of these is the obligation of life. It is widely agreed that the role of the state should be to safeguard the welfare of its citizens, however, the state will exercise its' power thought its officials, and ultimately through its' citizen, and here there need to be a balance. For example, should a citizen be obligated to die for the state? This may occur in many scenarios, for example in war. It is at this level we start to see consternation. There are many that would claim for an individual to give their life for the greater good, to protect a valued way of life is honorable, there are others that would look at it as an immoral imposition akin to murder; a betrayal of the individual by the state. This is a debate we may associate with the twentieth century and the two World Wars, however, the argument is not new, and the role of the state has been the subject of much political philosophical thought, especially John Locke and Thomas Hobbes."
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