Juvenile Justice Systems Essay by Chrisw8121

Juvenile Justice Systems
This paper describes and evaluates England's and Canada's juvenile justice systems.
# 59860 | 2,920 words | 1 source | MLA | 2004 | US


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Description:

This paper explains that England and Canada appear to have juvenile justice systems similar to the system in the U.S. The author points out that, under the Youthful Offenders Act of 1854, England's Juvenile Justice System was created separate from the adult system. The paper relates that the Canada's juvenile justice system has gone through three different phases throughout the 20th century; the Juvenile Justice Act of 1908 defined the age of juvenile delinquency from 7 to either 17 or 18, depending on the province; in the 1960s and 1970s, Canada protected children by legal rights, especially constitutional rights; and, in 1995, an act amended the Young Offenders Act to focus on a multidisciplinary approach focused on why young people commit crimes and on rehabilitation.

Table of Contents
England's Juvenile Justice System
Prevention
The Persistent Young Offender
Overview of Youth Court
Summary
Canada's Juvenile Justice System
Canada's Youth Court
Summary

From the Paper:

"Over the past few decades England has been trying to deal with an increasing crime rate. Property offenses have been increasing dramatically, which is creating a big concern for the public as well as those that work in the system. Throughout the past decade, the British have put a great deal of focus on dealing with a desire to divert more young people away from the formal adjudicatory process, while also developing a plan that deals with the most serious and persistent young offenders. Several Acts have been enacted to attempt to facilitate the administration and delivery of both objectives; they include the Criminal Justice Act (1991), the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act (1994), the Crime and Disorder Act (1998), and the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act (1999)."

Cite this Essay:

APA Format

Juvenile Justice Systems (2005, July 05) Retrieved December 08, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/essay/juvenile-justice-systems-59860/

MLA Format

"Juvenile Justice Systems" 05 July 2005. Web. 08 December. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/essay/juvenile-justice-systems-59860/>

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