Hume and Induction Essay by Master Researcher

Hume and Induction
A review of the idea of induction as described by David Hume.
# 90808 | 1,125 words | 1 source | 2006 | US
Published on Dec 01, 2006 in Philosophy (Logic) , Philosophy (General)

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This paper considers the idea of induction as explained by David Hume, with induction described as reasoning from experience, an empirical approach that means that all knowledge is based on prior experience. Such a view links past and future so that any actions taken in the future have their roots in the past. The paper reflects that Hume thus considers the nature of reality and ways in which what we perceive may differ from what is real.

From the Paper:

"The two primary types of logic discussed by philosophers are deduction and induction. David Hume sees the same two types of thought in Hume then develops the idea that impressions come first, and these produce corresponding ideas after a time of reflection. Hume applies this to concepts like morality, which he says are derived from what he terms sentiment. This raises a number of issues concerning whether or not morality derives from reason or sentiment. Hume finds that the question of morals is "whether we attain the knowledge of them by a chain of argument and induction, or by an immediate feeling and finer internal sense" (Hume 13). This can raise the issue of whether there are truths beyond the immediate cultural reality so that morality would be considered the same for every rational intelligent being, in all societies."

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