Human Resource Management
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This paper explains that Human Resource Management grew out of the belief that employment was not only a source of income to the employee and profit to the company, but also represented challenges and opportunities; whereby, the employee becomes part of the company as a stakeholder. The author points out that, traditionally, human resource managers were mandated to acquire, train and maintain personnel by following appropriate government rules and regulations, by implementing just and equitable policies and procedures and by maintaining harmonious labor union and employee relationships. The paper relates that Strategic HRM links HRM practices with the strategic management process and emphasizes the coordination or congruence among HRM practices: The four HRM strategic theories are the resource-based view of the firm, the behavioral-based theory, cybernetic systems and agency or transaction cost theory.
From the Paper:"The new vision on the place and value of human resources in an organization evolved from studies conducted by Elton Mayo, the Father of Human Relations and from the Hawthorne Studies between 1924 and 1932. The Hawthorne Studies re-evaluated Frederick Taylor's behavioral assumptions, while Mayo investigated the effects of changes in the work environment on productivity. Mayo's study found that employee productivity was affected more by the level of attention shown by management on employees' behavior than their physical working condition, such as the level of lighting. This meant that the human factor was more important than the physical factor. The enlightening conclusion led to a then controversial proposition that a worker's feelings were important and to the development of human relations or HR management concept."
Cite this Essay:
Human Resource Management (2005, August 15) Retrieved October 18, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/essay/human-resource-management-60298/
"Human Resource Management" 15 August 2005. Web. 18 October. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/essay/human-resource-management-60298/>