Harlem, Paris Noir, and the Transatlantic Quest for Black Identity
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African-Americans, along with African-Caribbeans, searched for an identity to call their own. This paper explains how this search was assisted through the creation of two capital cities, Harlem and Paris Noir. These cities enabled blacks to spark the Harlem Renaissance. More than a literary movement and social revolt against racism, this paper explains how the Harlem Renaissance glorified the unique culture of African-Americans and redefined African-American expression.
From the Paper:"What, after all, am I Am I an American or am I a Negro? Can I be both? Or is it my duty to cease to be a Negro as soon as possible and be an American? Is not my only possible practical aim the subduction of all that is Negro in me to the American? Does my black blood place upon me any more obligation to assert my nationality than German, or Irish or Italian blood would? (Du Bois, "The Conservation of Races, pg. 5)" These questions preoccupied W. E. B. Du Bois in his quest for his identity, an experience shared by many African-Americans in the early twentieth century. African-Americans began answering their own questions of cultural identity with the eruption of creativity in literature, art, and music following World War I, a time period known as "The New Negro Movement" or the Harlem Renaissance that lasted until about 1930. The Harlem Renaissance celebrated African-American culture. This quest for black identity developed most noticeably in Harlem and then spread to Montmartre, a section of Paris. Black urban migration to Harlem and Montmartre set the scene for a cultural revolution; black intellectuals including Alain Locke and W. E. B. Du Bois promoted the quest for black identity that resulted in the unparalleled success of black artists during the Harlem Renaissance."
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Harlem, Paris Noir, and the Transatlantic Quest for Black Identity (2004, February 20) Retrieved August 08, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/essay/harlem-paris-noir-and-the-transatlantic-quest-for-black-identity-48954/
"Harlem, Paris Noir, and the Transatlantic Quest for Black Identity" 20 February 2004. Web. 08 August. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/essay/harlem-paris-noir-and-the-transatlantic-quest-for-black-identity-48954/>