German Wolfpacks Essay by The Research Group

German Wolfpacks
Effect of U-Boat service in WWII. Initial effectiveness, German strategic errors, Allied military superiority.
# 10571 | 2,025 words | 9 sources | 2001 | US
Published on May 13, 2003 in History (European - 20th Century) , History (European - World Wars)


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From the Paper:

" This research paper examines the effects of the principal tactical innovation of the German U-Boat service in World War II. The wolfpacks enabled the U-boats to apply sudden and concentrated force with maximum impact against Allied merchantmen in many theaters of war, especially in the vital Atlantic Ocean shipping lanes between North America and Great Britain. Successive U-boat campaigns wreaked havoc on Allied shipping during the first four years of the war, nearly severing the North Atlantic lifeline twice, in early 1941 and again in the spring of 1943. However, this effort ultimately failed because German war aims, especially after 1941, outstripped Germany's resources and capabilities which could not support the effort required to make the U-boats a decisive weapon of war."

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