Galileo's Astronomical Observations Essay by jms257

Galileo's Astronomical Observations
An analysis of the significance of Galileo's early astronomical observations on the Aristotelian theory of the universe.
# 50493 | 2,145 words | 12 sources | MLA | 2004 | US
Published on Apr 15, 2004 in Philosophy (Ancient Greek) , Astronomy (Cosmology) , Physics (Astrophysics)

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This paper looks at how, as Galileo first turned his telescope toward the heavens, he was drastically turning mankind away from its long-accepted view that the Aristotelian view of the heavens was correct. It examines the significance of Galileo's early astronomical observations on the Aristotelian universe by examining Aristotle's theory of the cosmos, pertinent background on Galileo, his discoveries, and the effect they had on Aristotle's universe.

Aristotle's Universe
Galileo Leading Up to His Discoveries
Galileo's Observations and their Significance
The Moon
Other Important Observations
Toward a Heliocentric Model

From the Paper:

"The next object Galileo turned his attention to was the planet Jupiter. In January of 1610, he saw three small but bright stars in the area of Jupiter that changed positions with time, but never strayed far from Jupiter. After repeated observations, Galileo concluded that there are three stars in the heavens moving about Jupiter. He later discovered a fourth satellite of Jupiter and he named these moons the Medicean stars. These satellites were seen to orbit Jupiter at various distances and speeds. This was the first time that a planet other than Earth was found to have satellites orbiting it."

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