Disorders of Sleep
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The writer of this article notes that in order to understand the pathogenesis of sleep disorders, the normal sleep cycle must be understood in a neuro-physiologic context. The writer points out that sleep disorders such as insomnia can be especially distressful in children and adolescents. The writer discusses that aside from the normal developmental circadian adaptations and drift of the sleep-wake cycle in these individuals, secondary causes can inhibit initiation or maintenance of sleep, particularly chronic diseases and mental disorders. While most causes are self-limited and treatment conservative, more elaborate diagnostic and therapeutic interventions may be warranted. The writer concludes that the role of the polysomnography technician is to ascertain the cause of the disorder as well as justify the need for sleep studies while providing useful input for the health care team.
From the Paper:"Sleep disorders can arise from several causes that disrupt the normal sleep cycle in spite of its seemingly grounded cyclic variation in physiology. It can be disrupted when the number of hours required for the individual were not met or were met but with frequent wakeful states in between (sleep fragmentation). The cause must be ascertained first by the technician through a perusal of the patient's history and physical examination with particular emphasis on past and present sleep patterns, aggravating or relieving factors, medications taken, co-morbid diseases, psychiatric co-morbidities such as depression, among others. A polysomnography may be warranted when sleep hygiene strategies fail or an apparent cause is not apparent."
Sample of Sources Used:
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Retrieved June 1, 2007 from http://www.behavenet.com
- Dalton R. (1998). Vegetative disorders. In WE Nelson, RE Behrman, RM Kliegman & AM Arvin (Eds.), Nelson textbook of Pediatrics (pp. 79-81). (15th ed.). Philadelphia: Harcourt Brace & Company.
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- Needleman RD. (1998). The first year. In WE Nelson, RE Behrman, RM Kliegman & AM Arvin (Eds.), Nelson textbook of Pediatrics (pp. 38-44). (15th ed.). Philadelphia: Harcourt Brace & Company.
- Nelson WE, Behrman RE, Kliegman RM & Arvin AM (Eds.). (1998). Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. (15th ed.). Philadelphia: Harcourt Brace & Company.
Cite this Essay:
Disorders of Sleep (2008, June 10) Retrieved August 24, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/essay/disorders-of-sleep-104364/
"Disorders of Sleep" 10 June 2008. Web. 24 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/essay/disorders-of-sleep-104364/>