Berkeley's Immaterial Hypothesis
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This paper analyzes George Berkeley's immaterial hypothesis which states that only what is perceived by the mind exists. Therefore, material objects, those perceivable by the senses, are only ideas and sensations, collected and stored in the mind that perceives them and because only rational beings have minds, only they (or persons) exist. It shows how the mind, to Berkeley, is the deepest reality since it is the producer of ideas, which are things that can be perceived and how matter is, to him, not an objective reality, but only a collection and composition of sensible qualities that exist in the mind.
From the Paper:"His third argument centered on the ascent of the soul from the world to God. Beginning from gross sense perceptions, and through gradual evolution from the lower faculties of the soul, the finite soul arrives at the highest. Sense contributes images to memory, which become subjects that fancy can work on. Reason then judges the imagination and become new objects of understanding. One low faculty leads to a higher one, the uppermost leading to God, the object of intellectual knowledge, the discursive faculty and the sensitive faculty as well. This shows that the lowest or basest is linked to the highest through a chain of a system of beings."
Cite this Essay:
Berkeley's Immaterial Hypothesis (2003, March 28) Retrieved November 26, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/essay/berkeley-immaterial-hypothesis-22768/
"Berkeley's Immaterial Hypothesis" 28 March 2003. Web. 26 November. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/essay/berkeley-immaterial-hypothesis-22768/>