Animal Extinctions in Australia Essay by The Research Group
Animal Extinctions in Australia
Impact of hunting by early humans (early Pleistocene) & environmental changes on megafauna population.
# 11680 | 1,350 words | 12 sources | 1996 |
Published on May 19, 2003 in Archaeology (Other Regions)
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From the Paper:"Widespread extinctions began on the continent of Australia during the late Pleistocene. Many of the animals that disappeared were medium- to large-sized herbivores. Their demise may have resulted from early Homo sapien hunting activities. Apart from Antarctica, no other continent has fewer native terrestrial megafauna than Australia (Martin 376-397). During the late Pleistocene, only one genus and four species of terrestrial mammals over 44 kilograms survived. Most of those that became extinct were rather distinctive creatures (Scarre 44). The marsupial genera that disappeared, for example, had various oral specializations. These included the following: (1) Zaglossus (long spiny tongue); (2) Thylacoleo (large gape and short heavy jaws; (3) Phascolonus (strong mobile lips); (4)..."
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