Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes Essay by JPWrite

Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes
An overview of the contribution to economics of Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes.
# 65113 | 2,588 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2006 | US
Published on Apr 24, 2006 in Economics (General)

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There have been numerous philosophers and even thinkers in economics who have put forward their theories. This paper discusses two major philosophers of economics, Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes. It looks at how Adam Smith, known commonly as the father of modern economics, influenced the growth of economic theory and the evolution of modern, market-based societies. It also discusses how the second great revolution in economic thought was by John Maynard Keynes and how his theory of Employment, Interest and Money bestows to academia a different way of looking at the aggregate economic universe.
Adam Smith
John Maynard Keynes

From the Paper:

"Smith was in support of free trade. He derived his support for free trade among nations by centering it on the obvious desirability of trade among individuals: "It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family, never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy". Though Smith is usually thought to have relied on the Theory of Absolute Advantage to gain his support for free trade. According to Smith, free trade not only extended the extent of the market and, thereby, permitted greater division of labor; free trade also increased productivity by allowing countries to specialize in what they do well. In Smith's view of the workings of the market system, any short-run deviation of the market price from the long-run price would activate the forces of competition which would ultimately take the market price to its long-run level."

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