The Expansion of Ecotourism in Malaysia
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From the Paper:"Malaysia is home to some of the world's oldest rainforests with a rich biodiversity. However, deforestation of the country's rainforests is a prevalent issue. One of the main reasons for deforestation besides for logging timber is to make room for oil palm plantations. Palm oil production is a major industry in Malaysia. This industry offers direct employment for about 570,000 people (Sime Darby, 2014) and accounts for three to six percent of the country's GDP making it the fourth largest contributor to the Malaysian economy (RSPO, 2013). These days Malaysia and Indonesia account for almost 90 % of the global palm oil production with prospective increases (WWF, 2014). Around 40 % (4,85 million hectares) of oil palm plantations of the worldwide (12,2 million hectares) are in Malaysia (MPOB (b), 2011). On these palm oil plantations 17,73 million tons of palm oil and 2.13 tons of palm kernel oil are produced (MPOB (b), 2011), which accumulates to 39 % of the world production (Malaysian Palm Oil Council, 2012). This makes the country the second largest producer after Indonesia, which overtook it since 2006 (MPOB (b), 2011).
"Along with the deforestation goes the issue that already endangered species, especially the orangutans, become extinct as their natural habitat gets destroyed. Another issue is that oil palms are planted in huge monocultures all over Malaysia, which is a fatal development from an ecological viewpoint. Prices for palm oil fluctuated in the last 13 years between $ 250 and almost $ 1,300 per ton, but they were profitable in the long run (Sime Darby, 2014). However, forecasts state that prices will decline (United States Department of Agriculture, 2011).
"Malaysia is the third most visited country after China and Thailand in the Asia and Pacific region (UNWTO, 2014) ranking it 13th on the world's top destinations by international tourism receipts in 2012 (UNWTO, 2012). The impact of tourism to the GDP was RM 65,44 billion ($ 19,55 billion) (Tourism Malaysia, 2013) accumulating to 7.2 % of total GDP in 2013 (WTTC, 2014). Malaysia is a destination for nature tourism due to the fact that the country is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries in the world (ASEAN, 2012) offering a broad range of natural and cultural attractions (Ministry of tourism, 2008). The significance of Malaysia being a nature-based tourism destination is supported by the fact that the country won the "Best Green Destination (World) 2013 award" for the second time in a row (Travel + Leisure - the world's leading travel and lifestyle magazine, 2013). While precise figures are hard to find, an estimate in 2002 suggested a 10 % share of ecotourism revenues of the overall tourism revenues in Malaysia with a 35 % prospective annual growth of arrivals (WTTC, 2002). This also shows that to the current state, ecotourism in Malaysia is not a developed industry and consequently has potential to be developed. "
Cite this Dissertation or Thesis:
The Expansion of Ecotourism in Malaysia (2015, June 17) Retrieved January 24, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/dissertation-or-thesis/the-expansion-of-ecotourism-in-malaysia-154202/
"The Expansion of Ecotourism in Malaysia" 17 June 2015. Web. 24 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/dissertation-or-thesis/the-expansion-of-ecotourism-in-malaysia-154202/>