Working Conditions in19th Century England
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This paper discusses how the Industrial Revolution in England, while benefiting consumers and factory, mill and coal mine owners, created slums, took advantage of workers, and led to children as young as eight working instead of going to school. The writer explains that there were no laws against child labor and although various reform bills and factory bills were introduced in Parliament in the 19th century, the real problem with trying to reform the condition of the typical worker was that the economy and world dominance of the nation was considered more important than the health and rights of the individual. Finally, in 1880 came the Employers' Liability Act for manual workers except for seamen and domestic servants. It gave to injured employees or their dependents the same rights to recover damages from their employers that non-employees always had.
From the Paper:"Throughout the 19th century there continued to be a struggle between the government reformers who were appalled at some of the working conditions, especially where it concerned children and women, and factory owners who (as was cited earlier) felt that any disruption of their labor practices would hurt England's economy and world leadership. However, various so-called "Factory Acts" were passed, each one supplementing the one before, or making sure that any misconceptions were solidified."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Cody, David: "Child Labor" www.victorianweb.org/history/sochistov.html
- Cooke-Taylor, R. W.: "Factory Act of 1844" Encyclopedia of British History: Child Labour 1750-1850 www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/IRchild.main.htm
- Del Col, Laura: "The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth Century England" www.victorianweb.org/history/sochistov.html
- Halsall, Paul: "Modern History Sourcebook: Women Miners in the English Coal Pits" from Great Britain, Parliamentary Papers, 1842, VoL XVI posted on the Internet, July 1998 http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook14.html#Social%20and%20Political%20Effects
- Shahrokla, Leila "History of Child Labor" www.earlham.edu/~pols/globalprobs/children/Laila.html
Cite this Descriptive Essay:
Working Conditions in19th Century England (2009, December 23) Retrieved August 20, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/working-conditions-in19th-century-england-117895/
"Working Conditions in19th Century England" 23 December 2009. Web. 20 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/working-conditions-in19th-century-england-117895/>