The United States Court Structure Descriptive Essay by JCowie024

The United States Court Structure
This paper examines the structure of the court system in the United States.
# 114998 | 1,328 words | 5 sources | APA | 2009 | US

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This paper discusses the complicated structure of the US court system. The paper first explains that there is a primary division of the courts between the federal and state levels and then looks at the structures of the courts within each of these levels. In addition, the paper describes the roles of the three primary players within the court room: the judge, the prosecutor and the defense counsel. The paper concludes by pointing out that, ultimately, the U.S. Supreme Court has the final say when cases are presented to it and that the reason that such a complex court structure exists is to ensure the rights of the innocent are protected by a checks and balances system.

History of the U.S. Court System
The Federal Court Structure
State Court Structure
Role of the Players in the Courtroom

From the Paper:

"There are three primary levels within the federal court structure. Those levels are the Trial Courts, the Appellate Courts, and ultimately the U.S. Supreme Court which has the final say in all cases. But how it makes it to the Supreme Court is a process as it does not hear cases in the traditional sense in that a prosecutor presents a case of someone who has been charged.
"The first level in the federal court structure is the trial courts. Their limits are set by Congress within the Constitution. They have jurisdiction to hear all federal cases which include all criminal and civil matters under federal law. Each state has at least one district court including the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Bankruptcy courts are included as a unit of the district court. In addition there are district courts in the U.S. territories of Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adler, Mueller, Laufer. (2003). Criminal Justice: An Introduction. Third Edition. Ch. 9. Roles of Judges, Prosecutors, and Defense Counsels. Retrieved on January 17, 2009.
  • Certiorari. (unknown). Retrieved from: on January 16, 2009.
  • State of Connecticut Judicial Branch. (2009). Appellate Court History. Retrieved from: on January 17, 2009.
  • State of Connecticut Judicial Branch. (2009). Connecticut Court Structure. Retrieved from: http://www.jud.ct/gov/external/Media/court_structure.htm on January 18, 2009.
  • U.S. Courts. (unknown). Comparing Federal and State Court Systems. Retrieved from: on January 17, 2009.

Cite this Descriptive Essay:

APA Format

The United States Court Structure (2009, July 02) Retrieved May 09, 2021, from

MLA Format

"The United States Court Structure" 02 July 2009. Web. 09 May. 2021. <>