Reverse-Engineering the Brain Descriptive Essay by Nicky

Reverse-Engineering the Brain
A look at the process of reverse-engineering the brain to produce prosthetics.
# 147610 | 1,929 words | 13 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on May 17, 2011 in Biology (Biotechnology) , Medical and Health (General) , Biology (General)

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This paper discusses how reverse engineering is the process of replicating an existing system without the help of designs, drawings or computer models. In particular, it examines how scientists have been toying with the idea of creating artificial brains or computers capable of mimicking the cognitive functions of the human brain for a long time. In particular, it looks at how considerable research is being carried out on using non-invasive techniques to develop and implant neural prosthetic devices.

From the Paper:

"Invasive neural prosthetic devices interact directly with the brain. These "brain computer interfaces" usually consist of electrodes that are either placed on the surface of the brain or penetrate the brain. Non invasive neural prosthetic systems have an indirect interaction with the brain with the help of transmissions occurring through the skull. These transmissions can be done with the help of magnetic sensor systems, electroencephalography -- EEG, or functional magnetic resonance imaging -- fMRI. Invasive methods involving cortical stimulation through surgery of the cranium have several disadvantages as well as advantages. One of the primary disadvantages is that surgery involving the cranium can lead to serious surgical complications. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Akay, Metin; Inc NetLibrary. (2007) "Handbook of Neural Engineering" Wiley-Interscience.
  • Andersen, R.A; Burdick, J.W; Musallam, S; Pesaran, B; Cham, J.G. (2004) "Cognitive neural prosthetics" Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol. 8, no. 11, vol. 8, no. 11, pp: 486-493.
  • Andersen, R.A.; Musallam, S.; Burdick, J.W.; Cham, J.G. (2005) "Cognitive Based Neural Prosthetics" Robotics and Automation, 2005. ICRA 2005.
  • Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference, No: 18-22. pp: 1908 - 1913.
  • Berger, Theodore W; Chapin, John K; Gerhardt, Greg A; McFarland, Dennis J; Taylor, Dawn M; Prinicipe, Jose C; Soussou, Walid V; Tresco, Patrick A. (2009) "Brain-Computer Interfaces" Springer.

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APA Format

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