Nutrition and Sports
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This paper begins with an overview of the major food groups necessary for healthy nutrition. It discusses the special nutritional needs of strength and endurance athletes and the importance of meeting those nutritional needs. It gives formulas for calculating the amount of carbohydrates and proteins that should be ingested in order to replenish stores depleted during competitions or training. Examples from the diets of professional athletes are included.
From the Paper:"A decrease in muscle glycogen or energy stores and an increase in muscle protein breakdown follow an intense football workout or competition (Wellman, 2003). The post-workout or post-competition meal should provide the optimal nutrients to refuel the body. If the two conditions are not adequately addressed, there can be prolonged soreness or fatigue; little or lost muscle mass; and reduced or poor performance. The timing of the post-competition or post-training meal and the type and amount of carbohydrates taken are the major determinants in restoring muscle glycogen. It occurs twice as fast if consumed immediately after the activity as when taken several hours later. Simple carbohydrates with a high glycemic index quickly enter the bloodstream after the strenuous activity. Experts recommend .5 to .7 grams of high glycemic sources per pound body weight within 30 minutes of the activity. The intake may be repeated every 2-6 hours. Liquid sources are convenient examples (Wellman)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Business Wire (2004). 3-a-day dairy teams up with national football league to tackle kids' nutrition and fitness in schools. Business Wire: Gale, Cengage Learning. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOEIN/is_2004_Sept_8/ai_n6185691/?tag=content;col1
- Independent on Sunday (2002). The programme. Independent Newspapers UK Limited ProQuest Information and Learning Company. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4159/is_20020922/ai_n1266483/?tag=content;col1
- Mannie, K (2001). The six basic nutrients of sound nutrition for athletes. Coach and Athletic Director: Scholastic, Inc. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOFIH/is_14_71/ai_n18612653/?tag=content;col1
- Wellman, A. (2003). Bouncing back nutritionally from an intense workout or game. Coach and Athletic Director: Scholastic, Inc. Retrieved on April 4, 2009 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOFIH/is_8_72/ai_n18615309/?tag=content;col1
Cite this Descriptive Essay:
Nutrition and Sports (2011, July 04) Retrieved February 17, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/nutrition-and-sports-147784/
"Nutrition and Sports" 04 July 2011. Web. 17 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/nutrition-and-sports-147784/>