Mexico: A Contemporary History Descriptive Essay by Nicky

An descriptive essay on the time period in Mexican history known as "El Milagro Mexican".
# 150437 | 4,954 words | 22 sources | MLA | 2011 | US
Published on Feb 17, 2012 in Latin-American Studies (Modern Period (1900-1960))

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This is a descriptive essay on the period in Mexican history known as "El Milagro Mexican". The time period is known for its large wave of economic and political reforms that have sense helped develop the Mexican state. This essay looks at the developments that have been made through political and social institutions, as well as through the various programs that were developed to help create growth. The writer follows these changes through a chronological order, with the help of footnotes and tables, beginning with Cardenas' government and ending with the government of Gustavo Diaz Ordaz.

The beginnings: Cardenas government
Manuel Avila Camacho government (1940 - 1946)
Miguel Aleman Valdes government (1946 - 1952)
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines government and its "stabilizing development" strategy (1952 - 1958)
Gustavo Diaz Ordaz Government and his "Program for Economic and Social Development" (1964 - 1970)
Final overview and conclusions

From the Paper:

"Depending on the analyzed side, one could conclude that this strategy succeeded in a spectacular manner. The economy grew at an annual rate of 6.5% between the 1940 and 1970 while Mexico transformed from an agricultural country to an industrialized one. But some say that it was no miracle... While economy grew, the country had one of the most unequal patterns of income distribution in the world. And while government was fomenting industry, agriculture was neglected, especially the production of basic foodstuff. The rural unrest was partially contained by the incorporation in the ruling party of the rural representatives. Many peasants headed for Mexico City or the U.S. borders where they found themselves inside dehumanizing slums while the ISI overprotected industries proved in various cases to be rather inefficient...
"Given the fact that many textbooks and articles treat the events of the Mexican Miracles divided in the periods of governances of the Mexican presidents, the current paper will follow a similar approach, while trying to bring answers to questions regarding the importance of the Import Substitution Industrialization strategy on the development of the country, the spending pattern of the government during this period, the influence of the oil - PEMEX in the development of Mexico during this period, the evolution of social classes, and so on and so forth."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Aguilar Camin, H. and L. Meyer, In the Shadow of the Mexican Revolution, 1993, p. 129-198
  • Angell, Alain., The military in Latin American politics since 1930, Edit. Leslie Bethell in The Cambridge History of Latin America, 1930 to the present, Vol. 6, Part 2, 1984, p. 163-232
  • Becker, M., Black and White and Color: Cardenismo and the Search for a Campesino Ideology, Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 29, 1987, 453-465.
  • Brown, Jonathan and A. Knight eds., The Mexican Petroleum Industry in the Twentieth Century, 1992., p. 90-128, 173-188
  • Easterlin, R. Why Isn't the Whole World Developed?, The Journal of Economic History Vol. 41 No. 1, 1981

Cite this Descriptive Essay:

APA Format

Mexico: A Contemporary History (2012, February 17) Retrieved August 15, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Mexico: A Contemporary History" 17 February 2012. Web. 15 August. 2022. <>