Ku Klux Klan: History, Rise and Decline Descriptive Essay by pepperpot

Ku Klux Klan: History, Rise and Decline
A description of the Ku Klux Klan and an overview of its history.
# 114322 | 3,012 words | 6 sources | APA | 2009 | PH
Published on Jun 07, 2009 in History (U.S. After 1865) , African-American Studies (Racism)

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This paper provides an overview of the history of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), one of the most prominent of white supremacy organizations, describing how it emerged in the second half of the 19th century, flourished, declined and flourished again. Three upsurges of Klan movement are described, beginning with its foundation as a social club by ex-Confederates, and some of the atrocities committed by its die-hard members are mentioned. The writer provides the KKK's historical background and explains its ideology, which was based on Protestantism, membership in the early 20th century being limited to Protestants only. The paper concludes that although the Klan still exists, its influence is very limited and people from all classes are mostly against the organization.

Emergence and Activities in the 19th Century
Resurrection of Movement in 1915
Civic Involvement
Hooded Violence
Decline and End of an Era
1950s and Beyond

From the Paper:

"The Ku Klux Klan was founded as a social club on May 31, 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee by six ex-Confederate Army veterans who opposed the Republican's Reconstruction of the South. Its officers were called Supreme Head, Grand Cyclops, Chief of Dominion, Grand Commander, Commander and South Commander, among others. General Nathan B. Forrest was one of the early Grand Wizard with ten Genii assistants. A state was called a realm ruled by a Grand Dragon with eight hydras assistants. The ordinary members were called ghouls. Their meeting places were called Camps. The organisation was hierarchical and well-organized. The lower members only knew those people who gave them orders, never the true movers of the organisation. This ensured that the leaders would be shielded from the authorities while they kept abreast with all of the organisation's activities."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Cook, J. G. (1962) The Segregationists. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts.
  • Feagin, J. R., Vera, H., and Batur, P. (2001) White Racism: The Basics. New York, Routledge.
  • Feldman, G. (1999) Politics, Society and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949. Tuscaloosa, Alabama, University of Alabama Press. The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History of Culture. (2007) Ku Klux Klan (Reconstruction) [Internet]. Available from <http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2293> [Accessed 20 November 2008].
  • Smith, J. D. (2002) Managing White Supremacy: Race, Politics, and Citizenship in Jim Crow Virginia. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, University of North Carolina.
  • The Nations Salvation. (1872) The Ku Klux Klan: A Complete Exposition of the Order, Its Purpose, Plans Operations, Social and Political Significance. New York, Library of Congress.

Cite this Descriptive Essay:

APA Format

Ku Klux Klan: History, Rise and Decline (2009, June 07) Retrieved August 13, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/ku-klux-klan-history-rise-and-decline-114322/

MLA Format

"Ku Klux Klan: History, Rise and Decline" 07 June 2009. Web. 13 August. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/ku-klux-klan-history-rise-and-decline-114322/>