Karl Marx and Marxism Descriptive Essay by Master Researcher

An analysis of Marxism and Karl Marx.
# 36875 | 2,650 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2002 | US

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This three-part paper begins with a short biography of Karl Marx's life and the factors that influenced his thinking and then provides an overview of his ideology and the basic tenets of Marxism. In the third part, the writer explains that, since, communism as an ideology has no tangible definition, it has taken different forms according to how it has been interpreted by Marx's followers. The paper describes how Lenin, Stalin and Castro each bent Marxism to their own needs.

Part I: Karl Marx---Life and Times
Part II: Basic Principles of Marxism
Part III: Followers of Marx
Fidel Castro, Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin

From the Paper:

"Marx and Engels outline a process by which the proletariat progressively becomes the overwhelming majority of the population and has no other interest ("nothing to lose but their chains") than to overthrow the bourgeoisie. As described, it was never quite the case. As an approximation, it could be described as a strong tendency in Europe until the middle of the 20th century, though certainly not afterwards and it never applied on other continents. Marx was mainly wrong about class and mainly right about capitalism.
"One of Marx's main interests of applying dialectical materialism was in the field of the social institutions. Early in his career he formulated an evolutionary theory of history. In his Preface to the Critique of Political Economy Marx declares that legal relations or forms of state could not be understood by them or explained by the progress of the human mind. "They are rooted in the material conditions of life . . . the anatomy of that civil society is to be sought in political economy." In the Communist Manifesto the evolution from feudal society to modern capitalism is depicted and the dire fate of the latter predicted. In the Preface to the Critique of Political Economy Marx declares that the mode of production in material life determines the general characters of the social, political, and spiritual (intellectual) processes of life. Marx never clearly defines the forces of production, which are supposed to be the basis of the change in history and of the whole superstructure of society. However, Marx lists as ingredients: labor, the changing productiveness of workers, new material and instruments, and, therefore, techniques, means of transportation, methods of exchange and land. All these factors react upon each other and are basic agents for production."

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