Fire Science - U.S. History
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This is a descriptive paper on the basics of fire science. Through various sections, the writer paper provides an overview of the science as well as its purpose. A large part of the focus is on the development of this science within the U.S. and how it has come to be what it is today. Using references from Native Americans and the USDA forest service, it provides a complete look at the development of this science.
From the Paper:"Williams quotes from sources that insist Indians didn't do anything specifically with reference to fire science, and from other sources (like professor / author Steve Pyne, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, whose writing was quoted earlier in this paper): Native Americans modified the North American Continent through the "...repeated, controlled, surface burns on a cycle of one to three years" (Williams quoting Pyne p. 6). Those planned fires occasionally got away from the Natives, Pyne writes, causing "occasional holocausts from escape fires and periodic conflagrations during times of drought" (p. 6). "Burned corpses on the prairie were far from rare," Pyne goes on. And the professor, who is one of the most respected fire science experts in America, asserts, "So extensive were the cumulative effects of these modifications that it may be said that the general consequence of the Indian occupation of the New World was to replace forested land with grassland or savannah"; at the very lease the Native Americans wished to "free [the forest] from underbrush," Pyne explains."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Fowler, C. (1999). The Period of Fire Suppression and Other Fire Regimes (1890s to 1980s). Forest Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 29, 2009, from http://fire.forestencyclopedia.net/p/p843.
- Fowler, C. (1999). Human Use of Fire in History (1540s to 1900s). Forest Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 29, 2009, from http://fire.forestencyclopedia.net/p/p136/p790/p841.
- Gorte, Ross W. (1995). Forest Fires and Forest Health. CRS Report for Congress. Retrieved April 29, 2009, from http://cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/Forests/for-5.cfm.
- Pyne, Stephen J. (2007). Problems, paradoxes, paradigms: triangulating fire research.International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 16, 271-276.
- Williams, Gerald W. (2002). Aboriginal Use Of Fire: Are there Any 'Natural' Plant Communities? USDA Forest Service. Retrieved April 30, 2009 from http://www.wy.blm.gov/fireuse/pubs/aboriginalfireuse.pdf.
Cite this Descriptive Essay:
Fire Science - U.S. History (2011, November 14) Retrieved July 08, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/fire-science-us-history-148913/
"Fire Science - U.S. History" 14 November 2011. Web. 08 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/fire-science-us-history-148913/>