Controversy over the Dead Sea Scrolls Descriptive Essay

Controversy over the Dead Sea Scrolls
A look at the controversies surrounding the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls.
# 154237 | 1,369 words | 7 sources | 1998 | US
Published on Oct 06, 2015 in Archaeology (Biblical) , Religion and Theology (General)

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From the Paper:

"Early in 1947, some Arab shepherd boys were grazing their goats in Jordan on the western shore of the Dead Sea in the area of Khirbet Qumran, 7 miles south of Jericho, when they noticed a hole in a nearby rock. They crawled through the hole into a cave and to their surprise, found numerous large clay jars. Inside these jars, and throughout the cave, the boys found seven scrolls made of sheets from leather sewn together, some of them wrapped in linen. Inscribed in Hebrew, the Dead Sea Scrolls along with the other artifacts found in the cave, remain some of the most important and significant finds in biblical archaeological history, not only because they show everyday life at the time, but also because of the several controversies surrounding them.
"After the end of the Arab-Israeli War, the investigation of the western shores of the Dead Sea began. In 1949, the original cave where the scrolls were found was explored by G.L. Harding, director of antiquities of Jordan, and Father R. DeVaux, director of the Ecole Biblioteque et Archelolgique de Jerusalem (Yadin 1957:36). From 1951 to 1955, the two archaeologists carried out four excavating campaigns at Khirbet Qumran, a few miles south of the original cave and at Murabba'at, further south. They explored more than 200 caves, finding signs of human life in many of them. Their searches yielded tens of thousands of additional fragments as well as a record of buried treasure written in Hebrew on pieces of copper. Chronologically, the artifacts found range from the Bronze Age to Roman Times the latter period being clearly determined by the large number of coins found. Although all of this material is in the possession of Jordan's government, an international team of scholars in Jordan is studying it."

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