Colombia: A Country Overview
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The paper describes the features of Colombia's terrain, urban development, infrastructure and communication and then examines the climate and its impact on the population levels, cocaine smuggling and agriculture and its indirect effect on the constant insurgency and violence in the country. Next, the paper looks at structures, capabilities, organizations and people, and discusses how Colombia's society can be characterized by a core inequality between the few prosperous elite and the poor rural and indigenous peoples. Finally, the paper addresses the social structure in Colombia, the culture, language, power and authority and Colombia's primary interests.
From the Paper:"Quite to this end, Colombia has specialized in the type of commodity crops that tend to invoke foreign exploitation such as coffee and cocaine. These have created a governmental susceptibility to corruption and a long, sustained history of civil unrest produced by constant insurgency. During the mid and late 20th century, these agricultural interests produced a state highly vulnerable to self-empowered forces such as the emergent drug cartels. These would be a powerful force of insurgency with extensive influence in the government. Beginning in a period of widespread South American insurgency perpetuated by the global Cold War, "Marxist guerrilla groups organized in the 1960s and 1970s, most notably the May 19th Movement (M-19), the National Liberation Army (ELN), and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), plunged the country into violence and instability. In the 1970s and 1980s, Colombia became one of the international centers for illegal drug production and trafficking, and at times the drug cartels (the Medillin and Cali cartels were the most notorious) virtually controlled the country." (Infoplease, p. 1) It is notable that the two largest cartels in Colombia, the former of these fronted by the notorious Pablo Escobar, were derived from two of the Andean urban centers."
Sample of Sources Used:
- BBC News. (2010). Colombia Country Profile. news.bbc.co.uk.
- Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (BWHA). (2010). Background Note: Colombia. U.S. Department of State.
- Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (2010). Colombia. World Factbook.
- Hanson, S. (2009). FARC, ELN: Colombia's Left-Wing Guerillas. Council of Foreign Relations.
- Infoplease. (2010). Colombia. Pearson Education.
Cite this Descriptive Essay:
Colombia: A Country Overview (2013, April 30) Retrieved December 03, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/colombia-a-country-overview-152893/
"Colombia: A Country Overview" 30 April 2013. Web. 03 December. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/descriptive-essay/colombia-a-country-overview-152893/>